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Jeff Johnson Timber Frames, Inc.

562 Terrell Road
Franklin, North Carolina

828-524-7585 Local
866-524-7585 Toll Free
828-524-5611 Fax
828-342-5393 Cell

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Timber Species

Timbers are inspected and graded by our staff. We are very picky about the wood we use. Ask our timber suppliers! We can supply timbers that are rough sawn, planed on 4 sides, or hand hewn. (Hand hewn available in white pine only.)

Eastern White Pine (pinus strobes)

One of the largest conifers in the eastern United States, it is lightweight and reasonably strong. If handled correctly, white pine is a great choice for its cost factor.

Long Leaf Yellow Pine (pinus palustris)

Long Leaf Pine is moderately hard, heavy and very strong. It is, however, prone to twisting and checking. Long Leaf Pine is a good choice when both strength and cost are a factor. Colors range from yellow brown to orange or reddish brown and looks great with any stain choice.

Bald Cypress or Cypress (taxopium distichum)

This is Jeff’s personal favorite. It is a true delight to work with, medium soft and medium light when dry or seasoned, it seems to be very stable. Care in grading must be taken to look for wind-shake from hurricanes.  Color can range from a dark yellow brown to medium reddish brown.

Northern Red Oak (quercus rubra)

Northern Red Oak is a great choice for beauty and strength. Hard and heavy, its color is light reddish brown often with a pinkish or flesh color tinge. Costs are high, plus difficulty in joining and handling because of the sheer weight of the timbers.

Douglas Fir (pseudotsuga menziesii)

Moderately hard and heavy. Combines the best qualities of oak and pine. If timbers are cut “free of heart center” and with no pith they can be quite stable with little checking or twisting. The cost is moderately high, but well worth the investment. Colors range from yellowish brown to a deep reddish brown.

Cherry Bark Oak (quercus pagodifolia)

Cherry Bark Oak rivals Northern Red Oak in color and strength. The cost is less and it is a great alternative if Northern Red Oak cannot be used due to its cost.

White Oak (quercus alba)

The classic eastern oak, very heavy, strong, dense and rot resistant. This is a classic wood to build a timber frame with. Great care in the selection for wood and the timing of cutting and the season are a must to get the best results. White oak has the tendency to twist and shake, but don’t we all! The cost is high and the wood is hard to work with.

Black Walnut (juglans nigra)

Moderately hard and heavy. The color is deep chocolate brown, occasionally with a purple tinge in the heartwood. Costs are high and good logs can be hard to come by.